The commercially available IA, derived from the biotransformation of starch-based biomasses from agricultural surpluses or no food industrial processes, will be used for the preparatory phase in the production of the unsaturated polyester resins, di-alkylester derivatives for production of PVC plasticizers (phtalate-free plasticizers) by using the lab scale equipments.
The biobased unsaturated polyesters will be used for thesubsequent technical actions dedicated to technological transfer and prototype preparation, such as glass and natural fiber laminates for innovative biocomposites, thermo- and UV-curable mixtures.
The aim for is to decrease the styrene emissions of about 8% by replacing it with the IA-based monomers and polymers. The important benefits of the decreased styrene emission, used as reacting diluent in several applications involving unsaturated polyester resins, will be monitored on the environment and the human health.
The UV curable mixtures formed by IA-based unsaturated polyesters or the dialkyl derivatives can be also used in the field of food packaging as safer inks or coatings for end users.
The modified polyolefins by IA can be applied for hot melts adhesive and on food packaging.
The use of the bio-based abrasive tapes and laminates will provided an expected decrease of the formaldehyde emissions by replacing the phenol-formaldehyde resins with the water-based epoxy resins having IA derivatives as curing agents. The decreased emissions of formaldehyde emissions will be estimated at least on about 8 % in comparison with the current industrial production activity based on 1000 tons/yr.